Oracle Network & Wireless Cards Driver Download For Windows 10

The Network Computer (or NC) was a disklessdesktop computer device made by Oracle Corporation from about 1996 to 2000. The devices were designed and manufactured by an alliance, which included Sun Microsystems, IBM, and others. The devices were designed with minimum specifications, based on the Network Computer Reference Profile. The brand was also employed as a marketing term to try to popularize this design of computer within enterprise and among consumers.

The NC brand was mainly intended to inspire a range of desktop computers from various suppliers that, by virtue of their diskless design and use of inexpensive components and software, were cheaper and easier to manage than standard fat clientdesktops. However, due to the commoditization of standard desktop components, and due to the increasing availability and popularity of various software options for using full desktops as diskless nodes, thin clients, and hybrid clients, the Network Computer brand never achieved the popularity hoped for by Oracle and was eventually mothballed.

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A virtual cloud network (VCN) is a virtual, private network you set up in Oracle data centers. It is very similar to a traditional network with firewall rules and various gateways. When you work with Oracle Cloud Infrastructure (OCI), setting up a VCN for your cloud resources is usually one of the first things that you might be doing. Oracle and Microsoft have built a dedicated, high-throughput, low-latency, private network connection between Azure and Oracle Cloud Infrastructure data centers in the Ashburn, Virginia region that provides a data conduit between the two clouds.

The term 'network computer' is now used for any disklessdesktop computer or a thin client.


The failure of the NC to impact on the scale predicted by Larry Ellison may have been caused by a number of factors. Firstly, prices of PCs quickly fell below $1000, making the competition very hard. Secondly, the software available for NCs was neither mature nor open.[1][failed verification]

Thirdly, the idea could simply have been ahead of its time, as at the NC's launch in 1996, the typical home Internet connection was only a 28.8 kbit/s modem dialup. This was simply insufficient for the delivery of executable content. The world wide web itself was not considered mainstream until its breakout year, 1998. Prior to this, very few Internet service providers advertised in mainstream press (at least outside of the US), and knowledge of the Internet was limited. This could have held back uptake of what would be seen as a very niche device with no (then) obvious appeal.

NCs ended up being used as the very 'dumb terminals' they were intended[citation needed] to replace, as the proprietary backend infrastructure is not readily available.[clarification needed] 1990s era NCs are often network-booted into a minimal Unix with X, to serve as X terminals. While NC purists may consider this to be a suboptimal use of NC hardware, the NCs work well as terminals, and are considerably cheaper than purpose-built terminal hardware.

NC standards and drafts[edit]

Reference Profile[edit]

The initial Network Computing standard, the Network Computer Reference Profile (NCRef), required that all 'NC' appliances supported HTML, Java, HTTP, JPEG, and other key standards.

Other standards[edit]

Because many NCs did not use IntelCPUs or Microsoftsoftware, Microsoft and Intel developed a competing standard called NetPC.[2] Other alternatives to the NCRef were WeBRef (Motorola and HDS Network Systems) and Odin (National Semiconductor).[3] The HDS @workStation was stated to ship by the end of June 1996.[4]

NC extensions[edit]

NC implementations[edit]

Acorn Network Computer[edit]

An Acorn NetStation NC

The Acorn Network Computer was Oracle's initial reference implementation of the NC. Its development was subcontracted to British company Acorn Computers,[5] who adapted its own RISC OS to create NCOS.[6] Acorn made use of local partner companies ANT, Icon Technology and Design Edge to fulfil their contract.[7]

Macintosh NC[edit]

In 1997 Apple announced the Mac NC, its attempt to develop the Pippin into a network computer platform. By the end of 1997, Steve Jobs discontinued all Macintosh clone efforts, effectively killing the Pippin, although key components of the Mac NC technology were inherited by the original iMac.

NetProducts NetStation[edit]

The first generation NetStation design and the NetStation trademark was licensed to NChannel, which provided the consumer equipment and Internet service (with associated infrastructure) for the UK market. After a few months, NChannel split into two entities: NetChannel (which provided the Internet service) and NetProducts which provided the consumer hardware.

NetProducts started working with Acorn to develop a next-generation product, NetStation II and started developing an email-only set-top-box (the TVemail). NetProducts went into voluntary liquidation in 1998 before either project was completed.

Sun Microsystems JavaStation[edit]

Sun Microsystems developed the JavaStation, a JavaOS-based NC based on SPARC hardware, initially similar to Sun's range of Unix workstations.

IBM Network Station[edit]


IBM launched its Network Station in September 1996.[8] As with the later reference design, the Network Station used a NetBSD-based NCOS booted over a LAN from an AS/400 or IBM PC server. The Network Station supported local execution of basic applications, such as a web browser and console. In addition, X capability was also implemented to allow both locally and remotely run applications to be used on the same machine. In practice, the lack of real applications meant that this was little more than a hardware X terminal.

The IBM Network Station was originally based on the PowerPC architecture, but the final few models used IntelPentium processors.

Contemporary analogy[edit]

Some[weasel words] see the idea behind the NC as existing in contemporary times in the system of cloud computing and in particular Google Chrome OS. In Wired magazine, Daniel Roth claims that the failure of the network computer eventually led to the development of cloud computing. A large contribution to this transition was attributed to Eric Schmidt, once the CTO of Sun Microsystems, a proponent of the network computer, who eventually became the CEO of Google. Google is a large purveyor of cloud technology, 'most notably Google Docs and Spreadsheets'.[9]

See also[edit]


  1. ^Walters, E. Garrison (2001). The essential guide to computing. Upper Saddle River, NJ: Prentice Hall PTR. p. 13. ISBN0-13-019469-7. Retrieved 2008-05-06. information network desktop computer IT appliance 1970-2005.
  2. ^Cheaper Computing, Part IArchived 2007-04-04 at the Wayback Machine, Byte magazine, April 1997
  3. ^Virano Gazi Nasution; Aprita Primayuda; Aristo Lystiono; Indarti Primora B Harahap; Medwi Swasono. 'Network Computer in The Future'. Non-Aligned Movement. Archived from the original on 2011-03-02. Retrieved 2011-06-08. Here are four NC standards and reference platforms as specified by a certain vendor or group of vendors, in no particular order: The Network Computer Reference Profile (NCRef) by Oracle. The NetPC standard from Microsoft. WeBRef by Motorola and HDS Network Systems. National Semiconductor's Odin Reference Platform.CS1 maint: unfit URL (link)
  4. ^Shelton, Denise (1996-06-07). 'First NC sales slated for this month'. Retrieved 2011-06-10. HDS Network Systems says it's set this month to become the first vendor out of the gate with a commercially available device based on Oracle's Network Computer Reference Profile. [...] the HDS @workStation [...]
  5. ^'Britain's Acorn Computer Group to offer sub $500 internet device'. PR Newswire. 1996-05-20. Retrieved 2011-06-07. [...] among the first to organize the manufacture and distribution of Network Computers [...] Products based on the reference designs, produced for Oracle by Acorn [...]
  6. ^'Acorn Group spurs NC clone market by giving away nc hardware production and reference designs'. PR Newswire. 1997-08-19. Retrieved 2011-06-07. A scaled down version of RISC OS was licensed to Oracle to form its NCOS(TM).
  7. ^Sapsed, Jonathan (2001-04-10). 'Managing Knowledge: Conversations and Critiques'. Brighton, UK: CENTRIM: 36. Acorn also made use of their local contacts in the fulfilment of the NC contract. Cambridge-based ANT developed the Web browser for the NC prototype when it was needed it in a hurry, and Icon technology similarly delivered a word processor. A local design company, Design Edge provided the prototype's casing in 48 hours. This was needed because Larry Ellison's preferred 'radical' design was impractical to manufacture.Cite journal requires journal= (help); contribution= ignored (help)
  8. ^'First Network Computer Announced By IBM'. EE Times. EE Times. 1996-09-06. Retrieved 2011-06-08. IBM announced its first network computer [...]
  9. ^Roth, Daniel (2009-12-21). 'Time Your Attack: Oracle's Lost Revolution'. Wired. Archived from the original on 2010-02-25. Retrieved 2010-02-22.

External links[edit]

  • Contemporary press coverage of early NC pre-announcements:
Retrieved from ''

When you work with Oracle Cloud Infrastructure, one of the first steps is to set up a virtual cloud network (VCN) for your cloud resources. This topic gives you an overview of Oracle Cloud Infrastructure Networking components and typical scenarios for using a VCN.

Networking Components


The Networking service uses virtual versions of traditional network components you might already be familiar with:

A virtual, private network that you set up in Oracle data centers. It closely resembles a traditional network, with firewall rules and specific types of communication gateways that you can choose to use. A VCN resides in a single Oracle Cloud Infrastructure region and covers one or more CIDR blocks of your choice. See Allowed VCN Size and Address Ranges. The terms virtual cloud network, VCN, and cloud network are used interchangeably in this documentation. For more information, see VCNs and Subnets.

Subdivisions you define in a VCN (for example, and Subnets contain virtual network interface cards (VNICs), which attach to instances. Each subnet consists of a contiguous range of IP addresses that do not overlap with other subnets in the VCN. You can designate a subnet to exist either in a single availability domain or across an entire region (regional subnets are recommended). Subnets act as a unit of configuration within the VCN: All VNICs in a given subnet use the same route table, security lists, and DHCP options (see the definitions that follow). You can designate a subnet as either public or private when you create it. Private means VNICs in the subnet can't have public IP addresses. Public means VNICs in the subnet can have public IP addresses at your discretion. See Access to the Internet.

A virtual network interface card (VNIC), which attaches to an instance and resides in a subnet to enable a connection to the subnet's VCN. The VNIC determines how the instance connects with endpoints inside and outside the VCN. Each instance has a primary VNIC that's created during instance launch and cannot be removed. You can add secondary VNICs to an existing instance (in the same availability domain as the primary VNIC), and remove them as you like. Each secondary VNIC can be in a subnet in the same VCN as the primary VNIC, or in a different subnet that is either in the same VCN or a different one. However, all the VNICs must be in the same availability domain as the instance. For more information, see Virtual Network Interface Cards (VNICs).
A private IPv4 address and related information for addressing an instance (for example, a hostname for DNS). Each VNIC has a primary private IP, and you can add and remove secondary private IPs. The primary private IP address on an instance doesn't change during the instance's lifetime and cannot be removed from the instance. For more information, see Private IP Addresses.
A public IPv4 address and related information. You can optionally assign a public IP to your instances or other resources that have a private IP. Public IPs can be either ephemeral or reserved. For more information, see Public IP Addresses.
An IPv6 address and related information. IPv6 is currently supported only in the Government Cloud. For more information, see IPv6 Addresses.
An optional virtual router that you can add to your VCN. It provides a path for private network traffic between your VCN and on-premises network. You can use it with other Networking components and a router in your on-premises network to establish a connection by way of IPSec VPN or Oracle Cloud InfrastructureFastConnect. It can also provide a path for private network traffic between your VCN and another VCN in a different region. For more information, see Access to Your On-Premises Network, Dynamic Routing Gateways (DRGs), and Remote VCN Peering (Across Regions).
Another optional virtual router that you can add to your VCN for direct internet access. For more information, see Access to the Internet and also Scenario A: Public Subnet.
Another optional virtual router that you can add to your VCN. It gives cloud resources without public IP addresses access to the internet without exposing those resources to incoming internet connections. For more information, see Public vs. Private Subnets and also NAT Gateway.
Another optional virtual router that you can add to your VCN. It provides a path for private network traffic between your VCN and supported services in the Oracle Services Network (examples: Oracle Cloud InfrastructureObject Storage and Autonomous Database). For example, DB Systems in a private subnet in your VCN can back up data to Object Storage without needing public IP addresses or access to the internet. For more information, see Access to Oracle Services: Service Gateway.
Another optional virtual router that you can add to your VCN. It lets you peer one VCN with another VCN in the same region. Peering means the VCNs communicate using private IP addresses, without the traffic traversing the internet or routing through your on-premises network. A given VCN must have a separate LPG for each peering it establishes. For more information, see Local VCN Peering (Within Region).
A component that you can add to a DRG. It lets you peer one VCN with another VCN in a different region. For more information, see Remote VCN Peering (Across Regions).
Virtual route tables for your VCN. They have rules to route traffic from subnets to destinations outside the VCN by way of gateways or specially configured instances. Your VCN comes with an empty default route table, and you can add custom route tables of your own. For more information, see Route Tables.
Virtual firewall rules for your VCN. They are ingress and egress rules that specify the types of traffic (protocol and port) allowed in and out of the instances. You can choose whether a given rule is stateful or stateless. For example, you can allow incoming SSH traffic from anywhere to a set of instances by setting up a stateful ingress rule with source CIDR, and destination TCP port 22. To implement security rules, you can use network security groups or security lists. A network security group consists of a set of security rules that apply only to the resources in that group. Contrast this with a security list, where the rules apply to all the resources in any subnet that uses the list. Your VCN comes with a default security list with default security rules. For more information, see Security Rules.
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Configuration information that is automatically provided to the instances when they boot up. For more information, see DHCP Options.
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